January 19, 2021
ttr7 minute read

What is the true meaning of “sustainability”?

What is the true meaning of “sustainability”?

A big question with a very personal answer…

The definition of sustainability is largely agreed to be “the maintenance of an ecological balance” – in terms of production, lifestyle and everything in between. 

The word sustainability – out of an environmental context – means “the ability to be maintained”. Since the 1980s, the meaning of sustainability has been most widely known in ecological terms, causing its usage to increase over 50,000% over the next forty years as concerns about the environment increased. 

With such a rapid increase in the use of the word, people start to imagine their own definitions of sustainability, to apply it to their own situations, interests and experience. The true meaning of sustainability can be hard to pin down.

Why are there different meanings of sustainability?

The definitions of sustainability might all focus on a general ability to be maintained, but there are still choices to be made, costs to be considered and rights to uphold while doing that. This is why the ecological meaning of sustainability is so difficult to define. 

For instance, a CEO’s vision of a sustainable production line may be efficient in producing items quickly to reduce energy, but may not have its workers’ best interests at heart. This would be a very different view of sustainability to that of a fairtrade campaigner who is concerned about creating a sustainable workforce and promoting companies who look after the rights of their workers around the world. People may approach the word from different angles, but we can on the whole agree that the meaning of sustainability is about having a positive impact on the world. 

But even that more inclusive meaning can feel a little wishy-washy, and hard to apply to real life. If you’re new to sustainability, or starting to take an increased interest in the topic, hearing something like ‘having a positive impact’ doesn’t offer you direct action to take. Definitions like corporate social responsibility spell out some of those nuances, but can be alienating in their stuffiness. So what is the meaning of sustainability?

Different definitions of sustainability

Although sustainability is a global effort, what it means to an individual is usually quite personal and can range from habitual to radical. Some people’s definitions of sustainability are simple: cutting out waste, and choosing products made of planet-friendly materials, like bio-acetate. Others see it as travelling less, tapping into circular fashion, shopping locally and helping communities. Many see sustainability as refining business practises, funding B Corps or social enterprises, and advocating for fairer trade prices. 

On the consumer side, ‘voting with your dollar’ by buying from transparent and ethical businesses, who let you know where their products are sourced from, and what they do with their profits is currently a very popular definition of sustainability. For some, it’s activism, taking part in marches and signing petitions to provoke change. But a few people see true sustainability as not creating anything at all – all production emits energy, and the planet needs a standstill, not new ways of doing things. 

There are so many widely varying definitions of sustainability that it can become overwhelming. Standardised phrases that try to account for all of these approaches become amalgamated, trying to please different people, and are either therefore boring, or meaningless. Most of us see the meaning of sustainability as a combination of many approaches, and figure out how it works for them. 

Something that’s truly wonderful about sustainability is that it creates a chain of action. You might start by shopping at refill stores to reduce packaging, and end up getting turned on to vegan cooking, then change your shopping habits on a wider scale. Looking at the supply chain in your favourite businesses might inspire you to change some practises at your own workplace. The fact that the meaning of sustainability is somewhat vague can be both a blessing and a curse. 

A plant shoot being held in the palm of a hand

Choose your own meaning of sustainability

Of course the curse of a vague meaning of sustainability comes in the fact that as there are so many definitions, a lot of people will use the loopholes and space between definitions to try and manipulate the generosity that trying to be sustainable is based on. Greenwashing is a term that means applying a definition of sustainability very loosely, or translating it into marketing buzzwords, like adding ‘clean’ or ‘green’ to something that’s not proven to be sustainable. It can be easy to be taken in by gestures towards sustainability, so giving some thought about what the term means to you is a key part of being sustainable.

The meaning of anything comes from what you as an individual take from it. If you just listen to somebody else’s definition of sustainability, it can feel like trying to make a square peg fit a round hole. Zooming in on what you truly care about, what brought you to the idea in the first place – were you overwhelmed by junk Christmas presents and started wondering what sustainable gifting is? Or did you see a shocking documentary that put you off eating meat? – and what your definition of sustainability is really important. Ultimately, the meaning of sustainability is about choice. What you choose to buy, and why. How you choose to live.

Your meaning of sustainability will differ to others, but that’s not a bad thing – and it’s important to stay open minded, and keep listening to and learning from others. To finish, here are some thoughts on definitions of different areas of sustainability from some friends of Pala, with expertise in different areas:

“Small steps by many are key, being more conscious of who you support, promote and stand by. Use less, reuse more. We do not need a handful of people doing it perfectly, we need millions of people doing it imperfectly. Great change does not, and cannot come overnight. It will be a long hard slog, full of mistakes, successes and gradual change. We can do it, and we must try.” – Pala ambassador Amelia Brun, @amslebrun

Photo @osleston

“During my long hours in the water I’ve been lucky enough to swim with a variety of marine life, from sperm whales, dolphins to turtles and plenty of mahi mahi. More prominent than the wildlife, sadly, was the marine trash we found on a daily basis. There wasn’t a day we didn’t find plastic in the water, everything from smaller microplastic to larger debris and huge ghost nets… you can help by cutting out plastic from your life to prevent it from ending up out here. I want people to understand that the solution is in everybody’s hands. It’s true when people say, we don’t need one person to do it perfectly, we need millions to do it imperfectly.” – Ben Lecomte, marathon swimmer, Guinness World Record holder and ocean advocate 

Found your definition of sustainability? Our sunglasses are restoring vision, empowering communities and made with sustainable materials. Check out our kinder to the planet collection and see how your purchase can make change for the better.

Delightful Delivery

Free worldwide

Hassle-free Returns

We’ll give you 30 days

Secure Payment

Keeping things safe

Certified B Corp

Feel good about your purchase

woman taking photo


Felicia is our ‘camera ninja’ when it comes to photography for the Pala website. Hailing from Sweden, but now based close to the Pala Brighton HQ. When she’s not exercising her skills of mind control to make models relax on shoots you’ll find her in a cafe enjoying a good cup of coffee, or at home baking cinnamon buns.



Emma is our marketing guru. When Emma isn’t planning, strategizing and creating content, she can be found travelling the world exploring its wonders, or in more recent times – headphones on with a paintbrush in her hand creating an abstract masterpiece!



Mary is the team leader of the Care4basket project in Bolgatanga, Ghana. When Mary is not organising and supporting the work across the communities, you will find her sowing sweet potatoes, ground nut, millet and looking after the animals on the farm.



Izzy is our Sales and Comms mastermind. When Izzy isn’t throwing herself down a mountain on a snowboard, she can normally be found rummaging through vintage shops or pounding the fields with her beloved puppy, Mac. She once mislaid a finger on a night out (eek!) – girl knows how to party!

cameraman and photographer Justin Hunt


Justin is our ‘Film Alchemist’. When he’s not laying on the floor looking for the next shot he’s either exploring the finest bourbons and listening to obscure country music tracks from the 50s and 60s. Normally found planning his next trip abroad or fuelling the pineapple on pizza debate. Just so you know he’s firmly in the Hawaiian camp!